The liver is one of the most important organs in the human body. It performs many vital functions, including fat mobilisation and bile production. It is thought that the liver carries out more than 500 roles in the human body.
Hence, this vital organ needs to be in a good state in order to perform its work properly. But the problem is that the process of liver disease is often silent. Hence, in most cases, people with the condition get to know only when the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that liver disease is the 10th most common cause of deaths in India. In the olden days, liver disease was only associated with the consumption of alcohol. However, health experts say a sedentary lifestyle has led to an increasing number of people getting the fatty liver, which leads to cirrhosis.
Perhaps, there has been a sharp rise in the prevalence of obesity and metabolic diseases such as diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver. More than a million new patients are diagnosed with liver cirrhosis every year globally. The major causes of cirrhosis are non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hepatitis B and C.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: What is it? What are the signs and symptoms of NAFLD?
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the term used for a range of conditions in which fatty deposits build up in the liver. Usually, NAFLD causes no or few symptoms. And when it does, signs may include fatigue, enlarged liver, weakness, pain in the upper right abdomen.
According to Mayo Clinic, NAFLD can affect every age group but the condition mostly strikes people in their 40s and 50s who are overweight or obese and lead a sedentary lifestyle. Other risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease include obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, etc.